In today’s world, tourism can be defined by the following concepts: a walk, a trip, flight, travel, hiking in his spare time. Tourism is common in most countries of the world. Modern tourism includes numerous types and forms of tourism. The main objectives of tourism are leisure, recreational and educational activities. The second most important goals are body and health.
For displacement relative to one country from the international tourism and domestic tourism. Foreign tourism – traveling to another country, non-paid activities within country. International tourism is divided into two categories: inbound tourism involves entering the country tourists, non-citizens, and outbound tourism involves travel of citizens of this country abroad as tourists.
Depending on the intensity of tourist flows allocate permanent and seasonal tourism. By way of organization: individual, group, organized and self-activity, the latter species is becoming more popular because of open borders of many countries.
Seasonality in tourism is characterized by the following features:
- A maximum intensity of the tourist flow is called the main tourist season
- tourist region, the tourism company, depending on the type of tourism development may have one or more of the tourist season
- developed for the tourism of the country such as Canada, France, the United States, regions, centers, firms have a longer main tourist season, and the intensity of the tourist flow has a pronounced seasonal fluctuations, that is, significant seasonal fluctuations characteristic of the low level of development of the tourist offer.
- Seasonal fluctuations in tourism are different for certain types of travel time.
Seasonality in tourism is determined by a number of factors:
- Economic – the structure of consumption of goods and services, the formation of effective demand by offering
- Social – availability of free time, the desire of tourists traveling
- demographic – differentiated demand and sex composition and other characteristics
- psychological – traditions, fashion, new technological trends, such as new water attractions and a new cruise liner super
- logistics – the development of a network of accommodation, food, transportation, cultural and recreational services
- Technology – an integrated approach to the provision of quality services
Currently, the tourism market in Canada and the developed countries there is a tendency to reduce the seasonal fluctuations in tourism services due to the rapid development of the proposal in relation to demand.
For example, France, Italy, Switzerland, Europe, America and Canada in North America, having about the same administrative tourist resources, is a classic example of the development respectively sea and mountain tourism. Rapidly developing tourism, France and Switzerland concerning seasonal fluctuations not stabilized by reducing the intensity of tourist flows during the main tourist season, but due to its extension. In North America, there is no clear separation of the seasonal tourism due to the presence of different climate zones on one large area rich in mining, marine and forest vast natural resources.
In Canada, there is a clear separation of the seasonal tourism, summer and winter; both seasons take tourists with maximum load. In the offseason, the tourist market is prepared or rebuilt from summer to winter and vice versa. Several reasons, the main reason, for example, in the provinces of Quebec and Ontario, is the lack of a smooth pass away nature from winter to spring, from summer to autumn. In Quebec, in early April, the night can be frozen, and in late April, plus 20C. According to the established international practice, the summer tourist season is the main, the vast majority of tourists still prefer the warmer months for travel, North America is no exception, and here too the main tourist season is summer a warm season.
Tourist attractions and destination for tourism is classified into many types, a list which is constantly updated. The most popular by far are: hiking, eco-tourism, cycling , sports, water , recreational , wedding , pilgrim, scientific, gastronomic tours, shopping tours, ethnic, mountaineering, skiing, marine , horse riding, museum , health, business, educational , adventure, climate, agricultural tourism, cultural, educational tourism, and so on.Cultural Tourism – Travel to expand outlook – one of the most common types of tourism. It is characterized by both individual travelers and group.
this type is associated with the organization of custom tours to exotic and Eco friendly nature reserve, with unusual non-traditional vehicles. For adventure tourism include hiking expeditions, safaris, hunting, fishing, photography and so on, sail around the world on luxury yachts and perilous voyage around the world on regular sailing yachts.
Agricultural tours , a short-term stay in the countryside, on the farms, with the complete immersion in the agriculture and agro-visit seminars and exhibitions.Scientific tours – tourism to attend conferences, workshops, scientific seminars, etc., which are included in the program excursions.Educational tourism – tourist visit, which combines leisure traveler with training.Business tourism – travel within the country or outside it, related to the business, including participation in exhibitions, conferences, forums, etc.Cultural tours – the kind of international tourist travel, travel associated with an acquaintance with national cultures, customs and traditions of the host country.
A combination of travel with environmentally sensitive to nature, involving the participation of tourists in conservation activities. The main resource of Eco tourism are the protected areas.Speleological tours – traveling to study or exploring caves. Mountaineering – hiking, walking routes are designed to pass on the mountain areas, overcoming the passes above 3000-3500 m, passing rocky areas, steep slopes, glaciers, mountain streams. Cruise – using of a vehicle not only to move, but also for temporary housing, food and service.
Gastronomic tours – tours for gourmets and lovers of good food. Many tourist regions attract travelers gourmet cooking or wine. Shopping tours – travel for the purpose of shopping, both for personal use and for business.Wedding tour – the kind of tourism, designed for young couples.
Pilgrimage tour – a kind of religious tour, committed believers of different faiths to the holy places.Recreational tourism – the kind of mass tourism to treatment and rest, rehabilitation and development of the physical, mental and emotional strength. Hiking – a kind of tourist travel, which is carried out on foot. Hiking trails often laid on the plain or in the foothills, low mountains, in almost any area.
Sports tour – the kind of tourism in which the predominant motivation is the desire to travel to do sports, which the tourists are not able to practice in the community: yachting, skiing , bike ride, etc. Cycling – popular form of recreation, which has many variations. In Canada, cycling especially developed. In every city there are dedicated cycle paths.
Horseback riding is in the form of horse routes passing through nature reserves or national parks. Horseback riding is popular with fans of Eco tour, as it allows tourists to visit remote areas of transport routes, get in touch with pristine nature.
Ski tour is a kind of sports tourism, providing ascent on skis in the plains and foothills.Boating – kind of tourism, which Activities carried out on the water with kayaks, boats, catamarans, boats and other floating facilities.Sea tourism – water travels that take place on a regular or special maritime passenger cruise lines.